Wednesday, November 09, 2005

On the Origins of the BCs

They've started called lunatic asylums "care homes". It's madness gones politically correct, I tell you.


On Friday, the Daily Express ran a headline.

"NOW CHRIST IS BANNED"

Two lines of text, black on white. A sort of poetry of the apocalypse

"NOW CHRIST
IS BANNED"

Four words.

NOW

"In addition." "On top of everything else" "We knew things were bad, but this is really the last straw." The word drags us into the conspiracy.... we all know, it's so obvious it goes without saying, that many things have been banned recently, we can't think of any actual examples, but we're sure they have, and now this!

CHRIST

The person? The religion? Or just the word? I think there is a little wordplay going on here. We have just had the annual "local council abolishes Christmas" stormover. This year it is the Cromwellian Lambeth Council who have canceled the festivities – or more specifically been caught using the phrase "Winter Lights" to describe its municipal December decorations in some literature.(1) We are supposed to infer: "Yesterday, they banned Christmas, and now, Christ is banned."

IS

The journalistic present. We are not reporting an event which has happened. We are informing you of a state which now exists. You have woken up in a bad new world where a new thing has been prohibited.

BANNED

A key tabloid word. It's meaning is ambiguous – it doesn't been prohibited by law, necessarily, or censored, or abolished – but it implies that Someone is telling us what to do, and we don't like it.

NOW. CHRIST. IS. BANNED.

Who is the evil authority figure doing the banning? The Curator of Cheddar Gorge geological museum. What has he done? Removed the letters "B.C" from the dates on some of his exhibits.

So in fact CHRIST IS NOT BANNED AT ALL

In fact THE WORD "CHRIST" IS BANNED

Or more precisely THE FIRST LETTER OF THE WORD "CHRIST" IS REMOVED FROM THE LABELS IN ONE MUSEUM.

That's it. That's the whole story. Main headline, front page, inside page and leading article in a tabloid on sale in every shop in the land, predicated on "Small Museum Re-Labels It's Exhibits."

Museum bosses are trying to erase Jesus Christ from the pages of history. In the latest ludicrous attempt to tear down traditions, curators have banned the phrase BC --before Christ -- and insist on using BP -- Before Present -- to avoid offending other faiths. The astonishing decision caused national outrage last night

I like the use of the term "Museum Bosses". It implies some kind of powerful, dictatorial autocrat, a geological Fat Controller. I like the way in which, somewhere between Page 1 and Page 7, the plural "Museum Bosses" shrinks to mean the curator of one small museum. I like the idea that there was "national outrage" on Thursday night, even before the Express had broken the story. We don't do national outrage very well in this country. The French set fire to other people's motor-cars. We write mildly rude remarks in museum visitors books.

BC is used for dates leading up to the birth of Christ to help place the timing of eras throughout history and is internationally accepted. But officials at the Cheddar Caves Museum in Cheddar Gorge Somerset -- one of Britain's most popular tourist attractions (2) -- say that this is not politically correct, and have changed all exhibit dates to BP....'BP has no meaning, and if it means the present day, then it's always moving. It really is a completely nutty idea'.

The writers of this piece – sorry "ludicrous tabloid bosses" – apparently to want us to believe that the BP dating system is the crazy whim of an individual museum curator who is hyper-sensitive to the feelings of those of other-religions-and-none. In fact, as everyone knows (3) "BP" is actually a long established notation when dealing with extremely ancient events. I assume that, when we are talking about a geological time-frame, we can't necessarily come up with a date which is accurate even to the nearest millennium, making "BC" and "AD" fairly pointless distinctions. If a dinosaur skeleton is sixty-five million years old, you would hardly label it "Tyrannasauraus Rex: 64997995 BC". For the purposes of the BP dating system, the "present" is deemed to be 1950, because the advent of nuclear testing messes up the results of carbon dating after that point. If you were being very strict, you might use the term "Radiocarbon Years Before Present". It seems to be a fairly widely-used when talking about geology: the educational section of the Yosemite National Park website gives the history of the valley in the "BP" system.

BC is also a little unhelpful if you are talking about the early history of Christiantiy. Christ fairly obviously wasn't born 4 years before the birth of Christ, but he is generally reckoned to be born in 4BC. (If you aren't careful, you get caught up in millennial conundrums about whether it was 1 BC up to December 25th and became 1AD on Boxing day, does that mean that the year 1 only lasted until Hogmany, and how on earth did the Romans manage for so long without a zero?) Academics, of course have been using the terms "CE" and "BCE" since..well, since the year dot. You can pretend that this means "Before Common Era", "Before Christian Era", or "Before Current Era" depending on your mood.

These points bypassed Rosemary and Mark Yule (both 45, apparently) who told the Express that they were "shocked to see the BP signs when they visited the museum with their sons Greg, eight, and Robbie, seven." (Maybe this gratuitous information about the ages of their informants and their informants family is intended to make a point about the importance of dates. Or maybe it's just a way of filling up space. Incidentally, in the context of last week's "Lambeth Bans Christmas" stormover the name "Yule" looks highly suspicious).

Rosmary said "These signs are all over the walls -- every date says BP instead of BC it's...

wait for it...hold your breath... it's coming

it's....

Will she or won't she? Can she spot a cliche at 50 paces? Is there a an invisible autocue following her around? Or does she just say the kinds of things she thinks she's supposed to say when interviewed for the Daily Prophet?

....political correctness gone mad.

Just in case we've missed the point about who is to blame for all this the Express provides us with a 25p-a-go phone-in-poll in which we readers can answer "Yes" or "No" to the fair and balanced question: "Are PC fanatics right to ban Christ?"

"But Andrew -- its only the Daily Express (4). Do you really need to write a five page article about how the Express wrote a three page article about a ten line label on an exhibit in a museum that hardly anyone ever goes to?"

Actually, yes. Because while it was a very bad news item, it was a very good example of something we should all be terribly scared of.

The words "Politically Correct" used to be used to mock clumsy or redundant attempts to use inclusive language ("We've been told to stop saying "freshmen" and start saying "freshpeople" – isn't that a bit politically correct?") But the Express seems to be using it primarily to refer to a a group or organisation or movement with a political agenda. We read of "the political correctness brigade", "PC fanatics" and "fanatics of political correctness". We are told that their aim is "to tear down our traditions" "to write Jesus out of our history" "to erode the very foundations of British culture." It envisages a conflict between one group – "the political correctness brigade", and another group who have a shared culture (our tradition, our history, British culture) which the first group hates and wishes to destroy.

Who, exactly, are the "we" who are under attack? In case we are a bit slow on the uptake, elsewhere in the paper, a reader's letter spells out the answer for us.

"Ban this," rants Ms Diane Denby-Schole from Birmingham "prevent the other, change all our traditions, turn what was once the the proudest nation on Earth into some wishy-washy grey pulp where only immigrants can follow their traditions..."

Pause, breath in. "Our" traditions are being changed, but "immigrants" can follow theirs.

"Indeed, they are actively encouraged to maintain the traditions of their homelands."

Their homelands, being places other than Britain. I trust you are keeping up?

"Birmingham council is an oppressive vehicle that had already banned the flying of our national flag."

Has it, Ms Denby-Scholes? Has it really? Banned it from where? Under what legislation? (I very much doubt that the flying of any flag is banned under English law, and that I would be perfectly within my rights to run the swastika up the flagpole if I so desired.) Are you sure that "banned" doesn't mean "isn't flying it from the town hall at the moment."

"Come on Britons. Stand up for your traditions." (5)

I think that is pretty unequivical. "We" are Britians, non-immigrants, true-blue Brits: they are immigrants, with different traditions, from different homelands. Or, not to beat about the bush, black people.

And so we come to the point. Every day, I read a news story about how someone called "the political correctness lobby" has done something faintly ridiculous, and how some ordinary person has been shocked and outraged by it. Without needing to remember, or even believe, the details of any specific story, I acquire a general sense of paranoia. I start to believe that a "politically correct" minority is out to get me; and I gradually and insidiously associate them with the non-white Other who is still an immigrant after two or three generations. And so my white middle class neighbour and me start to think of ourselves as an oppressed minority. If you keep winding us up, we are apt to do something crazy like vote in for a far right Conservative government, or even the BNP. Which is (I assume) what the people who write this kind of drivel are hoping for.

On Monday, the Express reported on the front page that British Legion collectors had been banned from pinning poppies on people in case they injured them.


(1)In Tate Modern there is a glass of water. It is a very ordinary glass of water, but it has special significance because it was poured in 1973 by surrealist artist Michael Craig-Martin. Mr Martin said that the the glass of water was, in fact, an oak tree. "Craig-Martin’s assertion addresses fundamental questions about what we understand to be art and our faith in the power of the artist," apparently. Or possibly it's about Catholicism: if the Priest can say that a wafer is Jesus, why can't I say that a glass of water is a tree? Given that it was created in 1973, it isn't clear how the curator's stop the work from evaporating; or whether they are allowed to top it up from time to time. But this is probably part of the joke. I assume that the Daily Express is up to date with the idea of a conceptual art, and thinks that, as bed or a pile of bricks can become a work of art if an artist intends it, so a row of fairy lights turn from "religious" fairy lights to "secular" fairy light depending on the intentions of a local politician.

(2) According the Office of National Statistics, the most popular tourist attractions in the UK are

1: Blackpool Pleasure Beach
2: British Museum
3: National Gallery
4: Alton Towers
5: Tower of London
6: Tate Gallery
7: Pleasureland
8: Natural History Museum
9: Chessington World of Adventures
10: Science Museum
11: Legoland
12: Windsor Castle
13: Edinburgh Castle
14: London Zoo
15: Roman Baths
16: Chester Zoo
17: Stonehenge
18: London Aquarium
19: Knowsley Safari Park
20: Edinburgh Zoo

(3) Everyone who took the trouble to look it up on Google, at any rate.

(4)PAXMAN: They also publish Horny Housewives, Mega Boobs, Posh Wives, Skinny & Wriggly. Do you know what these magazines are like?
BLAIR: No, I don't....

(5) To be fair, the sub-editor who composed Ms Denby-Scholes letter also points out that, and I quote "true-Blue-brits" have no problem with participating in, say, a Diwali celebration, and that Pakistani and Sikh shopkeepers sometimes fly the Union Jack (despite the fact that it has been banned...I give up.)

16 comments:

Robert Elliott Smith said...

Excellent post! You really should send this somewhere (a newspaper, perhaps, if they still exist) for broader publication.

Sam Dodsworth said...

how on earth did the Romans manage for so long without a zero?

Abacuses.

(It's utterly ahistorical, but now I keep imagining Roman traditonalists complaining about 'religious correctness gone mad' and what a blow to traditional values it is to replace good old AUC with new-fangled BC and AD.)

culfy said...

He's back - and he's angry.

You've said almost everything I feel about the PC debate. I remember that the term PC started as a mockery of oversensitive use of language (e.g personhole for manhole which is probably apocryphal), but it has now turned particularly oversensitive itself with any deviation from an accepted use of language being seized on (they're announcing a 'seasonal entertainment'???????? Why not a Christmas entertainment? Must be because they're banning Christmas!). It leads to the sort of hysteria that Bill Bryson noted in 'Made in America' where 'Wildlife Management' is supposed to be a PC term for killing animals (it isn't - killing animals is part of wildlife management) and 'visually impaired' is a PC term for blind (It isn't - all blind people are visually impaired, not all visually impaired people are blind).

Andrew said...

Speaking of paranoia about PC and voting, as an American, I have always wondered how it is that your country has such a right wing press and yet culturally and politically is so much further to the left than the U.S.

Andrew Reeves

Andrew Rilstone said...

In three words: BBC.

Charles Filson said...

Nice post. I mostly agree. One of your comments raised a question though.

Recently my son's elementary school passed a decision that they would no longer allow Halloween decorations or parties at the school. This is part of American culture that the Mayor of Rankweil Austria, recently dismissed as a "Bad American Habit", and an “American custom”. Both of these are pretty good descriptions.

The given reason that this decision was made, was that the celebration of Halloween might be offensive to some children's culture. This is indeed an American cultural holiday. What could be more American than a Holiday dedicated to wonton gluttony and terrorizing your neighbors? (Truthfully it’s mostly ripped off from el dia de los Muertos and then watered down, but that makes it even more American…we did make the croissandwich after all.) And I can see how this could be offensive. In fact many of my friends from Church are offended by the Holiday and would like to see it banned altogether. I consider them ninnies.

So the question this brings to my mind is, do we (American) or you (British), or any people, have some sort of duty to not offend any person who either ascribes to some minority belief (Christian fundamentalism) or moves in (as is the case with recent immigrants) and brings their cultural sensitivities with them? I have no problem with the mayor of Rankweil speaking against Halloween which is not part of his culture. He sort of has a point. I would not be too happy if he moved into my neighborhood and then asked that my school not celebrate Halloween to avoid offending his children’s sensibilities. If we start eliminating all of our cultural displays (like flying our flags over government buildings) just to avoid offending people who have a different cultural expectation, wouldn’t that just degrade us into a “grey pulp”? Is that really a good thing?

Now, this is a bit different from using BP or BCE in place of BC. I totally agree with you there. But doesn’t Ms Diane Denby-Schole’s point have a little merit? Would you feel that her point, that Britain should retain traditional British culture as the default, has some merit, if only it were applied to a less inane incident and spoken in more sensitive language? (Leaving out the insensitive remarks about immigrants “homelands” and such)

Granted the culture of any place will eventually change and incorporate new ideas and discard staid ones as the population shifts, but shouldn’t government agencies reflect the majority culture at the time? Isn’t diversity valuable, or should we all strive to be the same?

Mags said...

I've been using BCE and CE for so long that it always surprises me that there is any outrage and horror at the idea. I just tried typing 1900AD and it felt funny. Mind you, I've had my "C19th" corrected before now for "being too academic".

This is a great post, btw. Reactionary nonsense from one of the papers which panders to stupid people and then just upset about 'declining standards'.

Eric Spratling said...

As I've understood it, the whole thing with "political correctness" actually DID begin with a political-left movement who demanded that everyone adhere to it, and the backlash is, obviously, still being felt today. As I understand it's sort of been a bit of revisionist history lately to claim that PC was something more or less invented by its own opponents to be a convenient boogeyman. Sort of like how the history of American "McCarthyism" has ironically made people forget/ignore the very real Communist subversion threats of the 1950s.

I'd look this up, but I'm, er, what's that word. Lazy.

Andrew Rilstone said...

Appendix

The following are direct quotes from comments left on the Daily Mail website.

They are appended to an article in which Archdruid Williams "says he is worried about well-meaning secularists seeing offense in traditional images of the faith."

The story is placed under the headline "Archbishop attacks PC brigade's ban on Christian symbols", although it appears that some of the commentators thinks that it is Williams who is doing the banning.

Again, I have no-way of knowing whether these are bone fide civilians, or simply written by Daily Mail staff writers: one has to wonder about whether Lt Col Sidney Spatchcock retired can be a real person.

I really feel most strongly that as a Christian nation who have invited people of other religions to live amongst us, we should uphold the fact that we are first and foremost Christians. The PC brigade should remember this

Non-Christians not part of this nation?

If you think this looks bad, imagine how bad it looks to someone who has fought for our freedoms in Britain. Did I see my friends perish just so that Tony's Cronies could give away our sovereignty to the PC brigade?

Very interesting usage of the word "sovereignty": are we conflating the PC Brigade who make us say "Winter Festival" instead of "Christmas" with the Faceless Unelected Brussels bureaocrats who force us to eat straight bananas?

The PC brigade are the ones who are making life in the UK difficult - they are deciding you cannot do this or that for fear of upsetting others. Why on earth has this country allowed itself to be dictated to?....If I went to live in another country I would expect to live by their rules, not change them because I didn't like it! Time the PC brigade realised people have choices, come and stay in this country and accept the way of life or don't come! Simple! Our country should be one where people want to live here but not at the cost of changing it to suit them, take us the way we are or don't come!

People with different cultures not part of this "country"; PC Brigade conceived as a force outside of this country but exerting control over it.

Yet, for all their pronouncements the PC brigade remains nameless and faceless.

Very interesting one, this: what started out as a figure of speech is now a clandestine organisation. (The reason that it is nameless and faceless is, of course because it doesn't exist.)

I thought we lived in a Christian country? If I lived in a Muslim country would they rename Ramadam for fear of offending me?

Muslims not part of the UK?

I am heartily sick of the PC brigade and all the claptrap they spout. I want my country to stay British and Christian and for all to see this. I want to see Union Jack flags, Christmas decorations, Easter eggs and hear English spoken as I walk down the street.

Conflations of "Britain" and "Christian". (Query: Do UK Jews count as immigrants?) Implication that you can't see Union Jacks, Christmas decorations, Easter Eggs or hear English spoken nowadays: sheer paranoid fantasy.

Can somebody please enlighten me as to where (and when) the pc brigade came from?

From the paranoid imagination of a the editors of the Daily Mail and the Daily Express Duh!

The PC brigade appear to have finally flipped!

England prevails!

Andrew Rilstone said...

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/pages/live/articles/news/news.html?in_article_id=368066&in_page_id=1770&in_a_source=&ct=5

Louise H. said...

Inland Revenue managers had banned staff from helping the Operation Christmas Child charity because of its Christian links.


Actually because "Over the past year, a number of our employees have expressed concerns about the department's involvement with this particular organisation. This was because strong views on other religions and gay and lesbian issues had been attributed to members of the organisation."

And the fact that they collect shoeboxes of stuff to send to the needy abroad from you without telling you that they intend to insert evangelical literature into your shoebox before distribution. Some people get a bit huffy about that sort of thing.

I like the Archbish's implication that "well meaning secularists" should keep their noses out of religious things that don't concern them. We are presumably not entitled to be offended or feel excluded by religious stuff; that's reserved for people with real opinions.

I hope the Daily Mail letters are the last gasp of a dying breed, hence the paranoia.

Kevin Boone said...

It's a sad fact that English people enjoy being whipped up to a frenzy of righteous indignation. There are cheap, nasty ways to accomplish this, and these methods are exploited by newspapers because they, er..., sell newspapers. That's why every newspaper in the land is carrying a story about some local authority banning Christmas about this time of year. There was one in my local paper last week -- it was bollocks: they always are.

I think this kind of thing works because we live in society that has rendered us powerless. My employer can take away my livelihood with the click of a mouse; Tony's cronies will soon be able to lock me up without trial; some deluded dickhead with a grudge can blow me up on the way to work; but I'm damned if I'll let a faceless beaurocrat in the East Dogpatch Town Council call the Christmas lights `winter lights'.

All of us have a little button in the middle of our heads labelled `Push here to piss me off'.
Whatever the origins of the PC movement, newspaper editors have learned that anything that smacks of PC will push that button for a significant number of their readers.

Andrew Rilstone said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
Porlock Junior said...

"...the educational section of the Yosemite National Park website gives the history of the valley in the "BP" system."

Yeah, sure, but that's from those godless Americans who don't even have a state church. What do you expect?


Charles -
"What could be more American than a Holiday dedicated to wonton gluttony..."

Wonton gluttony? Those damn immigrants! We didn't have no stinkin Chinese food on Halloween when I was a kid.


Oh and as to why British politics aren't reactionary on an American scale, the most depressing answer of the week:

"In three words: BBC."

I mean, you folks seem well on your way to getting rid of that. (Say it ain't so.) (Maybe I'm just bitter that there is, effectively, from where I stand, no more BBC World Service. You have no idea how that hurts; or maybe you do.)

Meanwhile, major congrats, and God save the Labour back-benchers. Given the past week's two partisan actions in our Congress, one begins to wonder, is this [saving the ladies' presence] International Parliamentary Balls Month?

Charles Filson said...

Wonton gluttony? Those damn immigrants! We didn't have no stinkin Chinese food on Halloween when I was a kid.

Damn, you've got me, and in this company I can't even quip that I used the Oxford dictionary spelling...

Incidentally, my neighborhood is largely Hmoung-American and those folks really dig Halloween...well all except the Baptist Hmoung Family.

Lars Konzack said...

http://www.somethingawful.com/articles.php?a=3416

`John Gibson's response to all this humbuggery has been to suggest a
spontaneous uprising among the oppressed Christians of America. He makes
very clear that he isn't calling for a boycott of stores where "Merry
Christmas" has been replaced with the anti-Christian hate-mongering of
"Happy Holidays."`
(what a brilliant counterproposal, by the way - "We're supposed to
celebrate, so let's celebrate ourselves." so unlike what we usually do!)

from Ian Dall