Monday, February 19, 2018

The Last Jedi: Second Thoughts

The controversy over The Last Jedi has become so incendiary that one hesitates to rejoin the fray. I thought I was going to be one of a small minority of purists who wasn’t happy with the film. In fact my review turns out to have been one of the moderate ones. 

The debate has reached Colstonian levels of absurdity. If I continue to not like the Last Jedi very much, I am aligning myself with dangerous nutters who think that the very existence of Daisy Ridley is part of a Cultural Marxist plot to emasculate young men. But if I decide I quite liked it after all I am taking the side of people who think that Star Wars fans are contemptible and that any film which irritates them is a good film.

I largely stand by the criticisms I made after my first viewing. I still think that the Last Jedi is muddled. I still think that it uses humour inappropriately. I still think it includes imagery which is incompatible with the established look and feel of Star Wars. I still think that there is evidence of multiple rewrites and poor editing. I still don’t know how Rey goes from having an emotional climax in the Supreme Leader’s throne room to being all “yee-har!” on the Millennium Falcon five minutes later. I still think that several plot threads fizzle out without pay-offs. I am still concerned about the direction it seems to be taking the saga. 


I think that the film is far smarter and far more interesting than I initially gave it credit for.

Star Wars is all about landscape and scenery and imagery; about kids with binoculars looking at binary sunsets and small moons turning out not to be. The Last Jedi is full of genuinely beautiful moments. Luke Skywalker and Kylo Renn facing each other, samurai style, from opposite ends of the letter box screen. Holdo crashing the Rebel capital ship into the Imperial dreadnought. The whacky beauty of Luke's Craggy Island retreat.

The whole thing — I don’t know how better to phrase this — is shaped like a space opera: the clash of mighty dreadnoughts forming a background against which knights battle with laser swords; soldiers mutiny against their leaders and traitors face execution. I adore the way that Finn's big confrontation with Captain Phasma takes place on a ship which has already been wrecked and is going to break up at any moment.  Phasma has no particular importance to the plot, but she looks utterly fabulous. The scene put me in mind of Captain Victory and the Hunger Dogs. Star Wars was always more Kirbyesque than we cared to admit.

Star Wars is a movie serial and fairy tale and a Wagnerian saga, but the and biggest yellowest letters are the ones which tell us that it is about a series of WARS fought out among the STARS. The Last Jedi follows Rogue One in actually feeling like a war movie. We’ve always had Mon Mothas and General Dodonnas telling the galactic Few what target to aim at; but never before has the Rebellion felt so much like a military operation. Never before has so much of the plot taken place on board a Rebel command ship. 

And yet, I was disappointed. Why?

If you are not very careful “that was not at all what I expected” can turn into “that was bad”. I honestly can’t remember whether my first (and therefore truest) reaction to the Empire Strikes Back was that the surprise ending was gobsmackingly cool or that it was a bit of a cheat because it totally changed everything about Star Wars.

This is a big problem with blockbuster culture. You live for three years on speculation and hints and leaks about what is going to be in a movie, and then spend two hours thinking “oh…so that rumor was true and that rumor was false and why wasn’t that bit in the trailer?” rather than actually watching the film. I can very clearly remember my first (and therefore truest) reaction to Rogue One. It was “How the hell did they keep that ending a secret?” We can only experience a film once we have already seen it. Where that leaves the question of spoilers I really couldn't say.

So my first (and truest) reaction to the Last Jedi was disappointment. "After 30 years, is this really all the Luke Skywalker we are going to get?" One of the lovely things about the Force Awakens was that we got a big, meaty chunk of Harrison Ford playing at being Han Solo before his Proper Major Plot Arc started to kick in. I suppose I wanted to see Luke Skywalker the swashbuckling hero swing across one last chasm or fly one last X-Wing down one last trench. Or at least walk into a bar and chop a walrus man's arm off. He may be getting too old for that kind of thing, but he’s not as old as all that. Canon says he was 19 in Star Wars so he is barely 50 in Last Jedi. Star Wars never did handle time very consistently.

That would have pleased me, pleased the crowds, pleased the fans. It is doubtless to Rian Johnson’s credit that this isn't where he went. 

Back in '77 we expected to get a Star War every couple of years. We assumed we’d eventually get to Star Wars Part XVII in which Very Old Jedi Knight Luke Skywalker rattles around the galaxy in a rickety old starship, dispensing fortune cookie wisdom to the new generation of hot young turks and probably cutting down a few Bad Jedi along the way. By '83, we were imagining a film about the early days of the New Republic in which Luke sets up a new Jedi Academy while Mr and Mrs Solo play politics in the reconstituted Senate.

And, from a certain point of view, this is exactly what does happen. All the obligatory plot developments have, in fact, developed. Han and Leia did marry and have a son. Luke did set up Jedi Camp for younglings. But Mr Johnson and Mr Abrams have correctly spotted that people living happily ever after is not what Episode VIII of a space opera saga should be about. (What were you going to call it? Star Peace?) The various comic books and novels told us that our heroes hardly had time to do the washing up after the Ewok party before, whoosh, they were off on another adventure. The new movies tell us that their happy ending lasted for a quarter of a century. But we don't rejoin the action until everything has gone horribly wrong. The story resumes in the immediate aftermath of the apparent triumph of evil; when the surviving Jedi are all hiding out in swamps and in deserts and on islands and some people are holding out for a new hope. 

Exactly where we came in during Episode IV.

I expected Old Luke to be kind of a strange old hermit; or maybe even a wise Councillor to Leia or Mon Motha. (Obi Wan always seemed more Merlin than Lancelot.) Maybe he could have been one of those old alien duffers who sit in the Jedi Temple being serene and insufferable. But in retrospect, he was always going to become Yoda; hiding away on an uninhabited planet, cooking soup, milking cows, refusing to train obviously talented students who come looking for him, not taking the film quite seriously. It's easy to forget how comedic Yoda was when he first appeared. That was everyone's second reaction as the lights came up at the end of Empire Strikes Back. “Alec Guiness’s mentor was a muppet? Are you kidding me?” Luke’s rejection of Rey’s precious lightsaber is an important plot-point. Luke chucking the thing over his shoulder as if it was a piece of junk is not a misstep (as I first thought) but a perfectly judged piece of characterization. It’s just the kind of thing which Yoda would have done.

From the fannish point of view, it seems a great shame to have put Mark Hamill and Carrie Fisher into the same studio and only given them 30 seconds of screen time together. And we all wanted Luke and Artoo to take one last trip in an X-Wing, or at least on the Millennium Falcon, with Threepio making annoying comments in the background. But that would have just been a tribute act: getting the band back together to sing all the old hits. That kind of thing never works. And anyway, it would have gone against the whole idea of the saga. Heroes get old. They pass the torch, or at any rate the lightsaber, to the younger ones. Po and Beebee fly the X-Wings nowadays. Luke is a supporting character in their movie, just as Alec Guinness was a supporting character in his. That is the way of things. The way of the Force. That was the life lesson that Joseph Campbell thought that the Journey of the Hero taught us. Life is a journey; everyone has a character; one man in his time plays many parts. (And women too, but not so much.) You've had your go at the Reckless Young Hero template. Now it's time to have a go at the Mysterious Old Mentor.

The few seconds which Luke spends with each of Leia and Chewie and the two robots will prove more memorable than any anticipated reunion scene could have done. The wink at Threepio is just perfect.

But still. Doesn't this failed Luke, this defeated Luke, this Luke who came to Ach-To in order to die, undermine the ending of the Return of the Jedi -- and therefore of the original Star Wars saga.

Yes. Yes, it does. Of course it does.

Return of the Jedi ended with a resounding full-stop. Granted, some people looked at the fireworks and listened to the gub-gub song and said “Well, okay, they’ve destroyed a really, really big battle station…but is that really the end of the Empire?” But the prequels answered that question. The Empire turned out to be the final gambit in a centuries long struggle between the Jedi (hooray!) and the Sith (boo!) George Lucas had originally conceived Star Wars as a multi-generational saga about the Skywalker clan, but the death of the Emperor and the redemption of Vader had such finality that for years he said that there couldn’t be any more episodes. I agreed with him:

The cycle, which has been more like a spiral, is completed. Lucas is absolutely correct to rule out making Episodes VII, VIII and IX: there is absolutely nowhere left for the sequels to go. Hochsten Heiles Wunder! Erlosung dem Erloser!

(That's your actual Wagner, that is.)

So where does that leave the Last Jedi? Is it a story set after the end of the story; a new cycle which begins after the final notes of Gotterdamerung have faded away? Or is it merely a new chapter in which it turns out that the story wasn’t quite so over as we thought it was?

Perhaps Star Wars is like Lenseman where behind each ultimate evil there lurks an evil even more ultimate? Or is it more like Middle-earth, where each iteration of evil becomes pettier but more insidious? 

It is quite late in the day to start complaining about spoiling happy endings. Star Wars -- Star Wars Episode IV A New Hope -- is a perfectly framed fairy tale, with a satisfying happy ending. It has always seemed rather vulgar to imagine more adventures after the medal ceremony. Luke is a Jedi the moment he switches off his targeting computer: it is almost sacrilege to think that he has to go to a swamp and take extra P.E lessons from a frog.

But it makes no sense to be a Star Wars fan and wish that there were no Star Wars movies.

The ending of Star Wars was spoiled the moment someone said “We could do Star Wars 2”. The ending of Return of the Jedi was spoiled the moment George said “Okay, let’s do a third trilogy after all.” But that, I suspect, is also the way of the Force.


JAn said...

"But it makes no sense to be a Star Wars fan and wish that there were no Star Wars movies."

Or is that, in a way, precisely what it means to be a fan?

Andrew Rilstone said...

That is certainly the kind of paradox we enjoy on this forum... :)

Mike Taylor said...

And anyway, it would have gone against the whole idea of the saga. Heroes get old. They pass the torch, or at any rate the lightsaber, to the younger ones. Po and Beebee fly the X-Wings nowadays. Luke is a supporting character in their movie, just as Alec Guinness was a supporting character in his. That is the way of things. The way of the Force.

I must admit, I found this part genuinely moving.

Admittedly, I usually find there's something in my eye during the bit of The Land Before Time when Littlefoot's mother dies, so I could be accused of being a Big Softie and I wouldn't have much of a defence. But really, you're making a case here that the Star Wars saga as a whole is telling us important truths about mortality and the Circle of Life. And I think you're dead right. It's quite something to do this under the guise of a space opera. But then most great art doesn't look like art at first glance.

Mike Taylor said...

By the way, for anyone wondering where the "The cycle, which has been more like a spiral, is completed" bit came from, it's part of Andrew's ludicrously brilliant six-part analysis of the first two trilogies, and you can read it here (or, better still, in his book).

Andrew Rilstone said...

Ludicrously brilliant.

Ludicrously brilliant.

Because he's THAT kind of bear.

SK said...

My big problem with 'fans' and 'fandom', and the reason I try to distance myself from them as much as possible, is that they, almost by definition, get too personally involved in the things they are 'fans' of, and that makes it very hard for them to make proper dispassionate judgements of them.

Gavin Burrows said...

I don't think being passionate is the problem, really. The problem is when fans demonstrate an emotional investment that becomes proprietary. Like that creepy guy who doesn't want to let his girlfriend out of the house unless he's there to accompany her, and telling her how to behave and which dress to wear.

And distancing yourself from fans while commenting here does seem a trifle skewed. I mean, I may not be a 'fan' of 'Star Wars' to the same degree, but I certainly am a fan of many of the things Andrew is a fan of, and that's largely why I read his blog. There are probably very good blogs written about cars and football, but I wouldn't be likely to know.

Mike Taylor said...

There are probably very good blogs written about cars and football, but I wouldn't be likely to know.

There are indeed -- about football, anyway, I don't know about cars.

I think it's a safe bet that somewhere out there is a good blog about pretty much any subject you care to claim. That's the wonder of the Internet.

SK said...

I don't think being passionate is the problem

Um… the opposite of 'dispassionate' isn't 'passionate'. Think of the difference between 'disinterested' and 'uninterested'.

distancing yourself from fans while commenting here does seem a trifle skewed

I don't know why you should think that so. The topics which Mr Rilstone writes about may be influenced by what he is a fan of, but for the most part he is able to write about them maintaining a critical distance such that his observations are interesting in themselves and not simply of interest only to those who have an unhealthy personal investment in the subject (a common flaw on the inter-net, I find, that sort of inward-directed navel-gazing). His book on Tolkien, for example, which I own, contains much of interest and use in its observations about kinds of writing, and fantasy, and Tolkien's cosmology and ethical ontology, even to someone like me who can quite frankly take or leave The Lord of the Rings, and mostly leaves it.

Andrew Rilstone said...

Antipassionate is what you have before the veal in an Italian restaurant.

We need a sense of purpose. We should not be purposeless. There is too much purposelessness. We must be purposelessnessless.

SK said...

The point is that you can be passionate about something without considering it a part of your identity. That's the problem with fans: they consider 'being a fan' or 'being in fandom' to be a part of their identity, to the extent that they cannot separate their (or others') judgements of the thing from their own sense of self. They cannot take a step back and make an objective assessment: they need it to be good, or bad, or whatever because their very notion of themselves depends on it being so.

Mike Taylor said...

That's rather an idiosyncratic definition of "fan". I'd consider myself to be a fan of Star Wars, Doctor Who, the Lord of the Rings, The Beatles and Liverpool Football Club, but that doesn't mean for a moment that I consider those things a part of my identity. I recognise that Kill the Moon is not a terribly good TV episode, that Don't Pass Me By is not a very good song, and that Liverpool's recent home defeat by West Bromwich Albion in the FA Cup was a terrible football match. Does that make me, by your estimation, not a fan?

SK said...

Well, I did put it in inverted commas… there is an older definition of 'fan' which basically means 'afficiando', but the modern, inter-net-era definition of 'fan' which seems to involve being immersed in a 'community' of 'fans', and in addition may (but does not have to) involve dressing up, writing terrible stories, et cetera et cetera.

So many terrible stories.

But it's the community aspect which seems to have meant that people have start, well, taking it personally, and therefore which I think is where it went off the rails.

SK said...

Sorry, I didn't actually put it in inverted commas. But I 'meant' to.

Gavin Burrows said...

Let’s start on the point of agreement. Obviously, I recognise the type you are describing. And naturally, I don’t think Andrew’s writing is subject to those failings. Otherwise I wouldn’t be here either.

But I don’t believe what Andrew “writes about may be influenced by what he is a fan of”, inasmuch as you can even parse that sentence. I think it’s fairly clear Andrew is a fan of, say, ‘Doctor Who’ and that determines his approach. A cultural studies major or a TV critic may watch an episode of ‘Who’ and say something interesting about it. But they wouldn’t be writing the same sort of stuff as Andrew. There might be a similarity of quality but there’d definitely be a difference of kind.

This next part is conjecture only, but I suspect you insist on this for two reasons. First, it perpetuates the opposition of feeling and reason. It’s the old adage of the brain and heart doing different jobs. Whereas I contend Andrew writes about ‘Who’ with both head and heart. Possibly both hearts. No, wait, one heart.

Second, I suspect you believe you are walling off a slippery slope. As soon as an emotional attachment becomes part and parcel of your method it carries the risk that we, too may slip into becoming more fan obsessives. The same way a social drinker could fall into alcoholism. It’s true that, ultimately, the only difference between - say - myself and a fan obsessive is degree. Remember Dali saying “the only difference between me and a madman is that I am not mad”? Well the only difference between me and a fan obsessive is that I’m not one. But standing atop that slippery slope gives me a perspective not available elsewhere, and anyway it’s simply who I am.

‘Community’ is another strange term to pick. There are several regular commentators on this blog. Could it not be said we are a ‘community’ of sorts? Besides fan obsessives may well have got there all by themselves and found their community afterwards, like alcoholics seeking out other alcoholics for drinking buddies.

‘Identity’ is better. But not quite there, I don’t think. Let’s go back to my metaphor of the controlling, obsessive boyfriend. I’d guess that, asked what his girlfriend is actually like, he couldn’t give a very informed answer. He’d only know what he wanted her to be, and any deviations from that would appear to him as nails to be hammered down. Similarly, fan obsessives often seem very, very poor at getting ‘Doctor Who’. (I have sometimes wondered if they memorise so much trivia because they’re trying to substitute knowledge for understanding.) Fan obsessives don’t just identify with their favourite show. They want to own it.

(Apologies for making ‘Who’ my default example under a post about Star Wars, but I couldn’t claim to be a Star Wars fan in the same way.)

Andrew Rilstone said...

If the most negative thing we can think of to say about fans is that they a: write short stories and b: attend fancy dress parties then I'm not sure what we are so worried about.

SK said...

It's not the most negative, that's just where it starts. There's a slippery slope from being one of those football fans who turns up to matches in fancy dress as their favourite player, to beating up the opposition's fans.

Mike Taylor said...

There's a slippery slope from being one of those football fans who turns up to matches in fancy dress as their favourite player, to beating up the opposition's fans.

I am very, very, very sceptical of that claim.

Gavin Burrows said...

I am laughing out loud at that claim.

Andrew Rilstone said...

Okay. So "buying your team's soccer strip" is at one end of a continuum which has "Heysel Stadium" at the other extreme. What particular wedge is "attending a Doctor Who convention in a floppy hat and scarf" the thing end of?

Andrew Rilstone said...

I think a useful definition of fan is "You are not only into something; you are into being into it."

Nick M said...

Sending death threats to a show runner who makes changes you don’t like to a format?